Research Areas

1. Wave to energy

The kinetic energy of sea surface waves can be converted into useful work such as electricity generation. The potential for extracting energy from waves is considerable. Using waves as a source of renewable energy offers significant advantages over other methods of energy generation such as solar or wind. Some of these advantages include higher energy density. Another advantage is that wave power devices can generate power up to 80% of the time (day and night), compared to 20-40% of the time for wind turbines and solar panels.
Wave Energy Research Group

Wave energy research group is the biggest group in CERE. The group has long been involved in the field of extracting energy from sea waves. The team includes engineers and researchers from different disciplines. The group uses advanced mathematical tools, simulation and modelling software to design highly efficient wave to energy converters. The researchers are also interested in the economics of wave energy. The ultimate goal is to find economical ways of generating wave energy on a large scale.

Wave to Energy converter

The most valued asset of the wave energy research group is the wave to energy pilot station that is able to produce up to 10 kW. This station acts as research facility and monitoring station for center staff, external researchers and both graduate and undergraduate students.

3
4

2. Solar energy

Solar energy is a renewable source of energy capable of producing heat and / or electricity. The total amount of solar energy incident on Earth is massively in excess of the world’s current and anticipated energy requirements. If suitably harnessed, this highly diffused source has the potential to satisfy all future energy needs.

The potential for solar energy is enormous, since about 200,000 times the world’s total daily electric-generating capacity is received by Earth every day in the form of solar energy.

Research topics

  1. Sizing and installation of new compact-size PV cells.
  2. Hybridization with Diesel GenSets.
  3. Storage of solar energy: Intermittency is one of the biggest problems facing solar energy systems, as their production can fluctuate, even within a day, depending on the weather. Batteries used to store energy are one of the most expensive components in a solar energy system.
  4. Stabilization of Grids: A second research priority is developing smart grids to deal with intermittency. Two types of grids can be investigated: transmission grids and distribution grids.

3. Wind energy

The use of wind energy in Palestine is still very limited. CERE is currently hosting a project that studies the technical feasibility of using wind in Gaza-Palestine. Sensors were installed to collect wind data.

Wind data will be analyzed to focus on average annual wind speed, frequency distribution of wind various speeds, maximum gusts and vertical wind shear. The data will be used to design and manufacture of vertical wind turbine

4. Biomass energy

Biomass conversion technologies (BCTs) comprise a wide range of processes that convert organic waste material into valuable products or fuels.

Research Topics

  • Characterization of local biomass
  • Biogas technology: both dry and wet digestion processes
  • Biomass to fuel conversion
  • Biomass Pyrolysis

5. Geothermal energy

Geothermal energy is considered as an effective alternative and renewable source of energy. It comes from the heat energy within the earth. It is clean and sustainable. Geothermal energy has many applications in our life. At the earth’s crust, the earth maintains a constant temperature around the year. Geothermal heat pumps use this constant temperature for cooling in the summer where the temperature is lower than the air temperature and for heating in the winter where the temperature is higher than the air temperature.

Geothermal projects done at IUG

A geothermal test rig was manufactures and installed at the IUG to check the possibility of implementing geothermal technology for cooling applications in Gaza.

Research Topics

  • Performance evaluation and optimization of geothermal systems in Gaza
  • Economic feasibility of geothermal energy in Gaza
  • Cooling / heating public buildings using geothermal energy in Gaza
  • Geothermal energy applications in Greenhouses in Gaza