2. Solar energy
Solar energy is a renewable source of energy capable of producing heat and / or electricity. The total amount of solar energy incident on Earth is massively in excess of the world’s current and anticipated energy requirements. If suitably harnessed, this highly diffused source has the potential to satisfy all future energy needs.
The potential for solar energy is enormous, since about 200,000 times the world’s total daily electric-generating capacity is received by Earth every day in the form of solar energy.
- Sizing and installation of new compact-size PV cells.
- Hybridization with Diesel GenSets.
- Storage of solar energy: Intermittency is one of the biggest problems facing solar energy systems, as their production can fluctuate, even within a day, depending on the weather. Batteries used to store energy are one of the most expensive components in a solar energy system.
- Stabilization of Grids: A second research priority is developing smart grids to deal with intermittency. Two types of grids can be investigated: transmission grids and distribution grids.